Difference Between Sponge Cake, Chiffon Cake and Angel Food Cake

Do you want to know what’s the difference between chiffon cake vs angel food cake Vs sponge cake? This quick blog post is for.

In a few minutes, you’ll learn all differences between these most delicious and delicate cake types.

Let’s begin.

Sponge Cake Vs. Chiffon Cake Vs Angel Food Cake

CriteriaSponge CakeChiffon CakeAngel Food Cake
IngredientsFlour, granulated sugar, egg whites, baking powder, butter, occasionally leavenedFlour, granulated sugar, oil, crema of tartar, whole eggs, vanilla extract, flavoringFlour, sugar, egg whites, baking powder, cream of tartar, vanilla extract
TextureLight and airy, with a slightly spongy textureLight and fluffy, and pretty airy textureVery light and airy, with a delicate crumbly texture
Cooking TechniquesBaked in a round or square cake pan; the batter is folded gently to avoid deflating the airBaked in a tube pan; the batter is folded gently to avoid deflating the airBaked in an angel food cake pan; the batter is not folded
Cooking time20 to 30 minutes 40 to 55 minutes 40 to 50 minutes
Temperature350°F325° to 350°F325° to 350°F
Cooling MethodUpside downUpside downUpside down
Serving MethodUsed as a base for layer cakes or as a filling for pastriesIt can be served plain, with a glaze, or with various toppings to make it the best birthday, wedding, and dessert cake.Typically served plain or with a simple glaze or used as a base for fruit desserts
OriginSpainUnited StatesUnited States

Difference Between Sponge Cake, Chiffon Cake and Angel Food Cake in Detail

Here is the detailed difference between these three soft cakes.

Sponge Cake as a Parent Cake of Chiffon and Angle Food Cake

Sponge cake is a special type of soft and made with egg white, sugar, flour, and sometimes a little butter or oil. The magic happens when those beaten egg whites are combined with dry ingredients using a gentle folding method using hands and spatula only. It all gives the cake its airy and sponge-like texture. It’s like a little taste of cloud heaven!

Because of such a soft, easy-to-handle texture, the sponge cake serves as an excellent foundation for many cakes, which call diverse toppings. When it comes to the origin of sponge cake, it has been around for ages in Spain. 

Chiffon Cake 

The offspring of sponge cake, USA originated, chiffon cake is made with vegetable oil (or other liquid fats) and whole eggs, instead of egg whites only, giving it a lighter and moister texture. It’s a bit more delicate than your regular sponge cake, thanks to the addition of oil and a dash of baking powder. 

The secret to its pillowy texture lies in the separately beaten egg whites that get gently folded into the batter that is made using egg yolks and dry ingredients. It’s like biting into a fluffy cloud!

After baking, chiffon cakes are cooled upside down to maintain their fluffy texture and prevent them from collapsing. Once cooled, they can be frosted or enjoyed plain, as the cake is incredibly flavorful and moist.

Angel Food Cake

The second offspring of sponge cake, the angel food cake, is made with just egg whites, sugar, and flour—no yolks or fat in sight. For this reason, it’s also prone to breaking. It has the most delicate and airy texture.

The key ingredient in angel food cake is egg whites. They are beaten until stiff peaks form, creating a light, airy meringue-like consistency. Sugar is gradually added to the beaten egg whites, stabilizing the structure and adding sweetness. In the end, flour is gently folded into the mixture.

The angel food cake is traditionally baked in a tube pan with a removable bottom. The tube in the center of the pan allows heat to circulate evenly. Resultantly, the cake rises uniformly. It’s important not to grease the pan, as the cake needs to cling to the sides to rise properly.

After baking, the angel food cake is cooled upside down. This method helps the cake maintains its airy texture, without collapsing. 

Conclusion

Sponge cake is a light cake with egg whites, sugar, flour, and sometimes butter. Chiffon cake is a richer cake made with oil, eggs, sugar, flour, and baking powder, combining the characteristics of sponge and butter cakes. Angel food cake is a low-fat cake made primarily with egg whites, sugar, flour, and no butter or oil, resulting in a fluffy texture.

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Saba Akbar
Saba Akbar

Hello, I'm a culinary explorer and food writer with 25 years of home kitchen expertise. This blog is a treasure trove of my insights on global cuisine, cooking tips, and expert knowledge of kitchen tools.
Besides this, as a GERD survivor, I've transformed my passion for food into a quest for food's GERD-friendliness and healthiness. I believe what you eat shapes your internal environment—join me on this lifelong journey of taste and healthiness!

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