What is Ponzu Sauce, its Uses, and Substitutes?

Are you curious about ponzu sauce and how you can make it at home?

This article will help you learn about Ponzu sauce, its variations, subtitles, and uses. Give it a keen read, and you’ll know all about this world-famous Japanese citrus sauce.

What is Ponzu Sauce?

Ponzu is a citrus-based sauce in Japanese cuisine made by simmering mirin (rice wine), rice vinegar, katsuobushi (tuna) flakes, and seaweed. After simmering over medium heat, the liquid is allowed to cool, the fish flakes are carefully removed, and the juice of one or more citrus fruits, such as lemon, is added. Thus, your Japanese citrus dipping sauce is ready to be used with your shabu-shabu, steamed dishes, pickled foods, cold tofu, grilled fish, Sashimi, dumplings, and cold noodles.

What is Ponzu Sauce made of?

Here is a brief introduction to the ingredients mentioned above:

It serves as the base of ponzu sauce. It’s also known as Tamari.


Yuzu is a type of citrus fruit commonly used in Japanese cuisine. It has a tart, acidic flavor and a floral aroma that sets it apart from other citrus fruits. The yuzu juice provides a distinct and refreshing flavor that enhances the overall taste of the sauce. Yuzu is the primary ingredient of ponzu sauce. If yuzu isn’t available, you can use an alternative like lemon or vinegar, yet they’ll alter the taste,

Soy Sauce

The Japanese citrus fruit yuzu juice had once become the ponzu sauce’s special ingredient, but it is hard to find nowadays. It gives a tangy flavor to your ponzu. 

If yuzu is rare in your area, you can replace it with lemon or orange juice and orange or lemon zest.


It is a rice wine commonly used in Japanese cooking with low alcohol and high sugar content. The sugar content forms naturally during fermentation, with no added sugar.


It’s a kind of simmered, smoked, and fermented tuna. Other names include Bonito and Okaka.


Thousands of macroscopic, multicellular algae, such as kelp (kombu), are food sources and nursery habitats for fisheries. Kombu is an exotic ingredient in ponzu sauce.

Ponzu sauce is tart and nearly colorless and has a watery consistency. Ponzu Shoyu or Ponzu Joyu is another type of ponzu with soy sauce added. The dark brown liquid is also referred to as ponzu sauce.

While there are many high-quality commercially available ponzu sauces, the best ponzu you would ever taste is homemade ponzu, found on most Japanese kitchen shelves.

What Does Ponzu Sauce Taste Like?

Are you among those who think that ponzu sauce tastes like fish? Correct yourself, please; the ponzu sauce has no fish-like flavor altogether.

The actual taste of ponzu sauce is tart-tangy. However, a person with refined taste buds would probably describe it as salty, bitter, sweet, and sour all at once.

Since the sauce is made from a combination of citrus juice, Mirin (rice wine), and often soy sauce, it hits on all the basic types of taste and tends to set all of your taste buds alight. 

The ponzu sauce is refreshing and has a thin and runny consistency.

While you can make ponzu from various citrus fruits, it derives its authentic flavor from yuzu, a traditional Japanese citrus fruit used to season local cuisine. Yuzu’s taste lies somewhere between lime, lemon, and orange.

What is Ponzu Sauce Used for?

Ponzu sauce has a distinct, tart, and tangy flavor and can be used in various ways. You can use it as a:

  • Dipping or serving sauce (for Sashimi, French fries, steamed dumplings and vegetables).
  • Marinade (for nearly all types of meat, including fish, seafood, chicken, pork, etc.).
  • Salad dressing (vinaigrette).
  • Finishing sauce (for stir-fries, vegetables, tofu, sushi, and a wide variety of side dishes).

Traditionally, ponzu can’t be used as a condiment. Ponzu is mainly added to the food at the end of the cooking process or just before serving—as in soup, stew, and stir-fries. 

It adds a delicious kick to your dishes when used as a finishing sauce. Hence, the use of ponzu sauce isn’t limited to Japanese dishes. You can add it to almost any dish to enhance its taste and flavor.

Is Ponzu Similar to Soy Sauce?

No way…! While most commercial ponzu includes soy sauce, a homemade Japanese ponzu lacks it. 

Let’s look at the ingredients of the two sauces before discussing their unique, individual tastes and comparing them.

  • As we’ve already discussed, ponzu is made from soy sauce, citrus juice, rice vinegar, rice wine, and fermented tuna (or other fish scales). On the other hand, soy sauce is made from a fermented paste of soybeans, roasted grain, brine, and Aspergillus molds.
  • Soy sauce has a rich, salty, umami flavor, while ponzu provides a lighter, sweeter, and tangier taste. Due to the presence of one or more citric fruits, ponzu gives off citrus notes.

Since you can make each sauce differently, the final taste of both sauces depends on the exact ingredients and quantities used, even though they’re never alike.

  • Soy sauce has many varieties: light, thick, and dark soy sauce, for example. Sometimes, soy sauce may also include molasses. Yet, ponzu has an even consistency.
  • Another difference between the two types of sauces is that ponzu is used mainly as a dipping or serving sauce, while soy sauce directly goes into the food as a condiment during the cooking process.

Nowadays, ponzu is also available with or without soy sauce. The name for the soy sauce-ponzu hybrid is Ponzu Shoyu. 

Sometimes, the hybrid sauce is only referred to as ponzu. So check for labels if you’re susceptible or allergic to soy sauce.

What can be Substituted for the Ponzu Sauce?

Believe me; it’s difficult to come by a direct ponzu sauce substitute—there isn’t any. 

Mixing certain ingredients can make a closely related, similarly-tasting alternative to ponzu.

You can achieve a good equivalent of ponzu by combining equal parts soy sauce and citric juice. The outcome is a citrus-based sauce that tastes tangy, salty, and sweet all at once.

Still, if you want to replace the ponzu sauce with some alternative that can go fine with ponzu-demanding recipes, here is the list.

Soy Sauce Combined with Lemon Juice, Rice Vinegar, or Orange Juice

Not a perfect alternative, yet being a base for the commercial ponzu sauce, you can consider adding soya sauce. Yet, be careful; when aiming for the ponzu’s tangy flavor.

You might not end your recipe with a more confusing umami flavor. So, you can combine soy sauce with sour liquids like lemon vinegar for orange juice.

So how can you combine the soya sauce with all these? Here is the ratio.

Combine soy sauce with lemon

To get ponzu out of soy sauce and lemon,  try to follow the ratio of 2:1. This way, you can enjoy the more natural flavor in your soya sauce and add it to your recipes as seasoning. The taste will be significantly crispy.

Wine vinegar and soy sauce

The next variation you can have is using wine vinegar. The ratio will be 1:3. You’ll need 300 ml of soy sauce and 100 ml of vinegar to enjoy a flavor close to ponzu in your food. Additionally, you’ll need approximately 30 ml of fresh lemon juice. Hence, the recipe will follow;

300 ml soy sauce, 100 ml wine vinegar, and 30 ml fresh lemon juice.

This combination will give you a moderate flavor.

Rice Vinegar and soy sauce

The third alternative can be combining soy sauce with rice vinegar with fresh lemon juice. The ratio will remain the same (1:3:10), delivering a significantly mild flavor. You can add the following:

300 ml soy sauce, 100 ml rice vinegar, and 30 ml fresh lemon juice.

Orange Juice and soy sauce

Another good alternative can be orange juice. Remember to follow the ratio of 1:3. 

Yet, don’t expect your DIY ponzu sauce to come as sour as those with lemon or vinegar, but sweet only. So, orange juice would be most fitting if your food doesn’t demand a sour flavor but needs a tangier one.

How about Using Mentsuyu Sauce with Lemon or Vinegar to Substitute Ponzu?

Another idea is to use Mentsuyu sauce to replace soya sauce and try it with various combinations like vinegar and lemon. The Mentsuyu sauce can serve as a better base in this regard, for it also comprises Mirin. 

So, if you already have it in your kitchen, add it to your Mentsuyu sauce in a 1:3 ratio. Yet, in case you don’t have Mentsuyu in your kitchen, why spend $$ to get it, but not Ponzu? 

Using Mentsuyu as a base to get ponzu sauce can be a relatively hilarious idea, for it won’t save you money, except that you have it in your kitchen.

How can you make ponzu Sauce at Home? 

Making ponzu sauce at home is easy. You only need a few ingredients, measured correctly and put together. 

Below we’ve shared two versions of ponzu sauce. You can make any.

Japanese Ponzu Sauce Recipe – Easy Homemade Ponzu Sauce Recipe

The homemade ponzu sauce is uncomplicated. You only need to combine a few ingredients, mix them well and let them rest for a few hours. Here is how you can do it


  • 250 ml soy sauce
  • 200 ml fresh lemon juice
  • 50 ml rice vinegar
  • 100 ml mirin
  • 10 grams dried bonito flakes
  • 5 grams Dashi Konbu


  • Add 100 ml of Mirin to a small pot and let it simmer over a low-medium flame. When you see the mirin boiling, set it on fire using a small torch. 
  • When you see the flame has gone out, it means there is no more alcohol in the Mirin. At this stage, you can add soy sauce to the pot. 
  • Heat it until it’s about to begin boiling. Don’t let it thoroughly boil, as boiling can make the soy sauce taste bad and become saltier. This heating process will make the soy sauce taste milder.
  • Now let this liquid rest so that it reaches room temperature. Once it’s fully cool, you can add the rest of the ingredients.
  • Begin by adding the lemon juice. Give it a good mix. Now, add rice vinegar.
  • Then add dried Dashi Kombu and dried bonito flakes. Mix them so that they’re fully submerged.
  • Wrap the bowl and refrigerate it for over four days; even the time of 7 days is also best for fully extracting the flavors of kombu and bonito flakes’ dashi stock.
  • After four days, the time is to filter the ponzu sauce and separate the kombu and bonito flakes.
  • Use a filter and the kitchen paper set into it in a bowl. Pour the mixture and let it rest until the ponzu has been gathered in the bowl underneath.
  • You can squeeze the flakes until you get the last drop of ponzu out of them.
  • Put the ponzu in an airtight glass jar, store it in your refrigerator, and use it for months.

NOTE: If you feel that your ponzu is too tangy and you want a bit of sweetness, you can add some mirin to it.


Amazon Affiliate Disclosure: Some of the links in this section are affiliate links. This means that if you click on the link and make a purchase, I may receive a small commission at no additional cost to you. You can read my full affiliate disclosure here.

What is the best ponzu sauce?

Wan Ja Shan Gluten Free Organic Ponzu is the best ponzu sauce available online. 

What makes it unique is its premium quality and gluten-free ingredients. Yet, being gluten-free has only one downside: it’s pricey.

If you have no problem that forces you to choose a gluten-free ponzu, then the Kikkoman Ponzu Soy Sauce Food Service is undoubtedly the best pick.

For the taste, it’s best. Yet, there are some significant downsides.

Guess what?

Like any commercial ponzu sauce, it has added flavors to replace bonito flakes and citrus juices.

So, it can be the best when homemade ponzu seems time-consuming, and you need a quick pick.

Is Ponzu gluten-free?

No, ponzu sauce isn’t gluten-free, yet you can opt for a gluten-free version or prepare it at home. The reason is its ingredients. Let’s have a closer look.

  • The soy sauce is gluten-free if it only comes from soy. Unlike the name, many soy sauces have wheat and soybean as principal ingredients, which means they become the gluten base for your ponzu.
  • Whereas most kinds of vinegar, including rice or wine vinegar, are reliable if you wanna go gluten-free. 

In short, if you’re gluten-sensitive, you can prepare your ponzu at home using gluten-free soy sauce.


You can also get a gluten-free ponzu option, which will be perfectly safe for you.

Poke Sauce vs. ponzu sauce, what’s the difference?

Poke sauce isn’t a version of Ponzu sauce, nor is there any amendment in Poke sauce. The only thing they share is an essential ingredient: soy sauce. 

With poke sauce, you get a gentle addition of fresh lemon juice. But it never gives you a tangy sour flavor but is relatively savory or spicy. 

These flavors come from chili sesame oil, rice wine, garlic, and ginger. Thus, this easy sauce goes with your salmon poke bowl. 

In contrast, with a generous amount of lemon or rice wine, the ponzu has a relatively tangy flavor to suit your shabu-shabu or other seared meats.

You can see the difference in this video.

Ponzu Sauce vs. Hoisin sauce, what’s the difference?

The Hoisin sauce has very little to do with flavoring your dishes except thickening them with a bit of flavor. 

The origin of Hoisin sauce is Chinese, not Japanese, unlike ponzu sauce.

This thick sauce has a sweet umami flavor obtained through fermented soybean, spices, garlic, sugar, hot sauce, and sesame paste. It has to be cooked to get the required consistency. 

It’s primarily used in meat like ducks, pork, and stir-fries. It solely aims at providing a glaze finish to your cooked food. 

The only relation it shares with ponzu sauce is that it uses soya sauce if fermented soybeans are unavailable. 

In short, both sauces go with completely different recipes; their different flavors may not substitute for each other.

Yuzu Sauce vs. Ponzu, what’s the difference?

Naaa, you can’t confuse it with Ponzu. Even though traditional Japanese ponzu sauce uses ponzu instead of lemon and lime juice or oranges, the Yuzu is like pure juice or Yuzu fruit with some spices, salt, and Yuzu zest. 

You can find the ponzu sauce alternatively named Yuzu sauce, but not every Yuzu sauce can be called ponzu. You can’t alter the Yuzu sauce recipe with ponzu. It would be right to call Yuzu sauce Yuzu dressing. 

What is spicy Ponzu sauce?

The spicy Ponzu sauce is nothing more than some chili or chili-garlic sauce added to the Ponzu sauce to suit some Asian dishes. We can call it an experiment. You can also make spicy ponzu sauce by adding a bit of chili garlic paste or sauce to your basic ponzu sauce.

How do you make sweet Ponzu sauce?

Actual ponzu sauce Japanese recipes have no added sugar, except for the flavor of yuzu, the Japanese citrus. However, when you don’t have yuzu, and your ponzu uses orange juice instead of lemon, it’ll deliver a sweeter taste.

If you want your ponzu sauce to taste sweeter, add 1 tsp of sugar or alter the recipe by preferring orange juice instead of lime or lemon.

Final Thoughts

Ponzu sauce is a queen of Japanese cuisine, with its complex flavors. It makes the most tempting dressing for salads, seafood, and meats. 

Own the ponzu sauce and give it a try by making it at home or adding it to your cart from an online store. 

You’ll love it!

Cashmere M
Cashmere M

Cashmere M is a passionate culinary explorer and food writer with 25 years of home kitchen experience. This blog is a treasure trove of her insights into worldwide cuisine, cooking techniques, and expert knowledge of kitchen tools and gadgets. What's more... she's always seeking the healthiness of ingredients before putting them on her plate because she believes what you eat creates your internal environment: either healthy or unhealthy. So, to her, food isn't just a passion; it's a lifelong journey to taste and healthiness that you're welcome to join.

Articles: 268

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *